In traditional office environments, Ethernet connections are typically made using the standard RJ45 connector. However, when Ethernet migrates to industrial environments, a wide range of contaminants come into play, making M12 connectors a more durable choice.
Ethernet first came into use in computer networking technologies in the 1980s, providing communications on local and wide area networks via coaxial cable. Modular RJ45 connectors on both ends of the cable made a physical link between machines in the network. It was first standardized as IEEE 802.3. Since then, it been refined to support higher bit rates, twisted pair cable, and fiber optic links, and Ethernet has expanded beyond office environments into industrial settings, such as manufacturing and automated test facilities where noise, solids, liquids, and gases pose a threat of contamination and signal disruption. In industria